NATUDEV is the benchmark NGO in promoting ICCAs in Burkina Faso. An ICCA is a natural site conserved by a local community or a group of local communities (villages or groups of villages) and meeting the following three globally agreed criteria: governance is community (the site belongs to the community or group of communities concerned
Based on bibliographic research and field surveys, the number of ICCAs in Burkina Faso was estimated at fifty-three thousand four hundred and twelve (53,412) in 2017. 99% of them are made up of all sacred groves (53,412 sites), 0.18% of sacred ponds (99 sites), 0.14% of community pastoral spaces (77 sites), 0.13% of Zovic (68
Under Law No. 003-2011 / AN of April, 5th 2011 relating to the forest code in Burkina Faso, “A village area of hunting interest is part of the land of a basic community, affected by it for exploitation hunting resources. Its creation is proposed by the minutes of a meeting of the competent village body
Sacred woods gather here the natural sites designated under this name or under the name of sacred groves, sacred forests, wooded sanctuaries. They also include the sacred hills. They are relics of original forests protected by local communities as an important support for their religious life, their identity and their social cohesion. They benefit from
Sacred water points in Burkina Faso concern sacred ponds, wells and rivers. They cover areas of 1.52 ha on average, or around 150 ha for the ninety-nine (99) sites identified to date (NATUDEV, Surveys, 2017).
In Burkina Faso, community pastoral spaces contain grazing areas, rest areas and corridors for the passage of livestock. They are very diverse in terms of their area. Areas varying between 2 ha and 95,000 ha with an average of 2,662 ha. The total area of the seventy-seven (77) sites listed is 159,741 ha.
Village forests mostly date from after 1992, when the slogan “8000 villages, 8000 forest” was launched. Their number has grown steadily since then. They are managed by committees, groups or village associations within the framework of collaboration with state services (especially those responsible for the environment) and decentralized communities since the advent of these. The